Julian A. Pitt-Rivers
Julian Alfred Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers was a British social anthropologist, an ethnographer, and a professor at universities in three countries. Pitt-Rivers was a great-grandson of the archaeologist Augustus Pitt Rivers. His father was the anthropologist and propertied aristocrat George Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers and his mother, Emily Rachel Forster, was an actress and daughter of the governor-general of Australia, the 1st Baron Forster. Through his work as an ethnographer of empathic considerations for cultural diversity, he rebelled against his father. George Pitt-Rivers was, at one point, a Moselyite eugenicist who was interned by the British government in the early years of World War II. Pitt-Rivers attended Eton College and Worcester College, Oxford. He received his doctorate in 1953, which was derived from his fieldwork in Andalusia, Spain, that led to his publication of the classic anthropological text The People of the Sierra in 1954. The introduction was provided by his Oxford professor, E. E. Evans-Pritchard. He taught at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Chicago in the United States.